The culture of Jordan is based on Arabic and Islamic elements with significant Western influence.
Jordanian cuisine is a traditional style of food preparation originating from, or commonly used in Jordan that has developed from centuries of social and political change.
There is wide variety of techniques used in Jordanian cuisine ranging from baking, Sauteing and grilling to stuffing of vegetables, carrots,leaves,eggplant ect, meat and poultry., Also common in Jordanian cuisine is roasting or preparing foods with special sauces.
As one of the largest producers of olives in the world, olive oil is the main cooking oil in Jordan.Herbs,garlic,onion, tomato sauce and lemon
are typical flavour's found in Jordan. The blend of spices called za'atar contains a common local herb called sumac that grows wild in Jordan and ia closely identified with Jordanian and other Mideastern cuisines. Yogurt is commonly served alongside food and is a common ingredient itself, in particular, Jameed, a form of dried yogurt is unique to Jordanian cuisine and a main ingredient in mansaf the national dish of Jordan and a symbol in Jordanian culture for generosity.
Another famous Meat dish in Southern Jordan especially in the Bedouin Desert area of Petra and Wadi Rum is the "Zarb" which is prepared in a submerged oven also called a "Taboon". It is considered a delicacy of that area.
Internationally known foods which are common and popular everyday snacks in Jordan include hummus, which is a puree of chick peas blended with tahini, lemon, and garlic and falafel a deep-fried ball or patty made from ground chickpeas. A typical mezze includes foods such as koubba, magliya,labaneh, bab ghanoush, tobbouleh, olives and pickles, bread, rice, freekeh,bulgur all have a role in Jordanian cuisine.
Popular desserts include as baklava, knafeh, halva, and gatayed a dish made specially for ramadan, in addition to seasonal fruits such as watermelons, figs and cactus pear which are served in summer.
Turkish coffee and tea flavored with mint or sage are almost ubiquitous in Jordan. Arabic coffee is also usually served on more formal occasions. Arak , an aniseed flavoured spirit is also drunk with food.